Brief introduction of orthopedic shoes

Brief introduction of orthopedic shoes

orthotic shoes
Shoes are the daily necessities that people are not familiar with. From the day I learned to walk, the role of the feet has gradually faded. Although life, work, study, and entertainment are inseparable from their feet, few people will never forget the existence and weight of their feet. It wasn’t until one day that I suddenly felt ill in my feet, and the original normal rhythm was affected, that I would realize the importance of the feet. The cause of the vast majority of podiatry is improper selection of shoes. The right shoes not only make you shine, but more importantly, they can protect your feet and pave the way for a healthy life.

Orthopedic shoes are used to treat foot diseases, reduce foot pain, correct the deformation of the patient’s foot, disperse the pressure on the foot to eliminate pain, maintain body balance and improve foot function according to the doctor’s prescription. They are made according to special shoe lasts. Of shoes suitable for the feet of specific patients.

1. The basic function of orthopedic shoes

1. Relieve pain

Such as using sponge insoles, special heel spur pads or digging pits in the heel of the shoe can alleviate heel pain during walking for patients with calcaneal spurs and calcaneal periostitis.

2. Prevention and correction of deformities

Correct foot deformities and improve the weight-bearing line of the foot. If you are heavy, overloaded or standing for a long time, use flat foot pads and flat foot shoes to prevent sagging of the arch.

3. Compensation for loss of joint motor function

For example, a wedge-shaped cushion made of rubber sponge on the heel can reduce the impact of the heel of patients with ankle joint stiffness when the heel touches the ground; for example, adding a rolling bar on the forefoot of the shoe can help patients with metatarsophalangeal joint stiffness. The transition from the foot levelling to the foot off the ground during walking.

4. Eliminate joint movement

For example, the elongated sole plate made of elastic steel plate can eliminate the movement of the metatarsophalangeal joint. It is often used for the deformity and stiffness of the metatarsophalangeal joint, which can reduce the pain and prevent the development of the deformity.

Second, the classification of orthopedic shoes

Orthopedic shoes are worn by the disabled every day. With the expansion of the treatment surface of orthopedic shoes, there are more and more varieties of orthopedic shoes, which can be classified in terms of the position, function, structure, material and climatic conditions of the sick and handicapped.

1. Classified by function

There are height-enhancing orthopedic shoes to compensate for the shortening of the lower limbs. Compensation of orthopedic shoes to compensate for foot defects. Orthopedic shoes for correction, used to correct foot deformities and diseases.

2. Classification by part of the sickness and disability

There are high-bow shoes, foot drop shoes, flat-toe shoes, varus shoes, valgus shoes, bone spur shoes, flat-foot shoes and other orthopedic shoes for sick feet.

3. Classified by material

There are leather orthopedic shoes and artificial leather orthopedic shoes.

4. Classified by shoe structure

The common ones are high waist (also called high top), low waist (also called low top), elastic, welt and other styles.

5. Classified by season of use

There are sandals for spring and autumn, sandals for summer, and warm shoes for winter.

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